International Arbitration Developments During the Second Decade of the Pacific Century

The 21st century has aptly been described as the ‘Pacific Century’ (or the Asia-Pacific century). This is certainly evident in relation to international trade developments and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows. Key trade agreements were executed and entered into force during the first two decades of this century, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement that was signed on 4 February 2016 (the TPP) by the original 12 contracting states and bilateral free trade agreements such as the US-Korea Free Trade Agreement that was signed on 30 June 2007 and entered into force on 15 March 2012. In addition, the 2014 World Investment Report of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development indicated that Asia continues to be the world’s top recipient of FDI, accounting for approximately 30 per cent of FDI inflows globally.

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